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Nevis 1984 Leaders of the World Locomotives 2nd Series Forgery Set
Scott# 191,193,199,221 Stanley Gibbons# 219-226
Nevis 1984 Leaders of the World Locomotives 2nd Series Forgery Set
I have found documented proof dated April 2015 that at least 10,000 perforated forgery sets have been moved onto the market!


It has come to my attention that the Michel Catalog editors were fooled into adding notes in the latest edition of their catalogs that inverts exist of this issue and others. It started with the forger or one of his associates fooling Christian Calves into issuing False Expertising certificates on fake inverts. Here is one for this issue.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives 2nd Series Invert Forgery Set Falsly Expertised by Christian Calves
I contacted the expert directly and this is his reply.
 Christian Calves email response to expertizing forgeries as genuine
In english it reads.

Dear Sir,
I am interested in the e-mail you sent us on May 25 about the stamps printed by Format International Security Printers.
I have browsed your site carefully and have been very favorably impressed by the breadth of your research that demonstrates a thorough knowledge of the subject.
They allowed me to read information that I did not have in my possession. Rest assured that I will take them into account, when I will have to appraise stamps printed by this company.
With thanks,
Best regards,
Christian Calves

With this you can see we now have a very huge problem with stamp expertising services. The forger and his cronies will go to great lengths to try to get their fake junk authenticated as if genuine to fool you into buying them.


I was notified by other experts that the most recently published Michel Catalogs have new notes added that inverts exist of these issues! I immediately contacted the editors of Michel catalog. Here is the response.
Michel Catalog Editors email response to noting the Format Invert forgeries in the Catalogs
If you cannot read the image, this is what it says.

Dear Mr. Lowe,
I am answering only today because your mail reached me after workend of the day before the German day of reunification, our national holiday.
Thank you very much for your information, which was not totally new to us, as we got another warning some months ago. At that time I deleted the footnotes concerning the inverts from our database. Yours sincerely
ppa Oskar Klan

So if there is any doubt remaining that the expertising certificates and/or the notes in Michel Catalog are false in all regards then contact them yourself to get the answer. Sadly these false certificates and newly published catalogs are now on the market causing havoc to dealers and collectors worldwide. Thanks to one person....

The forger who is a wholesale stamp dealer and his cronies are professional cons that will go to the most extreme lengths to get fake material like this to appear genuine. They are a network of dealers around the world and are very powerful entities in the philatelic community. You can see this just by what has happened here.



I have recently discovered that modern fake stamps of this issue are being flooded onto the market. I can tell you that real dangerous fakes or some call forgeries are being flooded on the market as I write this page in October of 2015.
All the stamps imaged above are fakes!


Well, as I thought inverts are on the market! Recently many inverts have appeared including as I predicted fake Leaders of the World Trains and cars inverts for Nevis. Some are even appearing with Calves Expertising Certificates! BOGUS! Two appeared in the recent Gaertner auctions and now a seller on Delcampe posted the imaged set and around twenty more different fake inverts. Have shut all of them down. Sadly now, one of the biggest dealers in France just got victimized showing us that everyone no matter how big or small is being effected by this. It shows us that the consignor that was shut down at Gaertner's in 2015 and had these forgeries sent back to him has just released them to more victims this year! The seller on Delcampe wants anywhere from 400EURO to 1000EURO for a set! I wonder how much he got ripped off for. Don't be fooled by the certificate. They are worth nothing! Again, very obvious they are forgeries. Look at the selvage. As I explain on many of the other detection pages for most of the forgeries, there are no perforation holes running through the selvage on the forgeries like on genuine panes of these stamps. With this issue of forgeries we can see that because there are no perforation holes on the selvage of the invert forgeries there has been another printing of the forgeries. see why below. Expect to see fake color proofs appear as well.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives 2nd Series Inverted Stamp Forgery Set


My research into the printer has enabled me to discover modern fake stamps have been created in 2014!! They are being spread across the world through online auction sites like eBay and Delcampe. Everything about them is fake except for one dangerous fact, they have the correct perf size. The gum type is different in it being white in color and very shiny. This gum type was not used until much later years, long after Format went bankrupt thus proving they were not produced by the Format International Security Printers. Obvious differences will be shown below. So far I have discovered complete sets of forgeries of the Nevis Leaders of the World 1984 Locomotives 2nd Series issues. All are being offered online right now as I write this on October 17, 2015.

I can also tell you that I have discovered that many more "modern" issues for Nevis and other countries are being forged. Mainly varieties and "errors" of the issues which bring in higher profits although normal issues are also being faked in now many cases. All are being produced by the same source which is unknown at present. All are dangerous forgeries because the perf sizes are correct. Images shown on auction sites cannot be trusted because they cannot be defined by counting perforations and unless you have a comparable image of the originals they cannot be recognized by the images given by sellers. This includes the Audubon Birds issues including inverted frames, Dogs inverts, Flowers inverts, Michael Jackson inverts, imperforates and many more.


At present sellers on eBay, Delcampe, Bonanza, and Amazon are offering them. I am sure other sources are now selling them also. A list of these sellers is being compiled and at some point the source may be revealed. At this time unless the sellers stop selling them (which is doubtful) it is up to you as a buyer to refuse to buy them without proper identification. In other words, make the seller send you 1200dpi images of the front and back of the stamps and then compare them with my images. I have posted more pages on the issues I have discovered to be forged and have included an index page listing them with links.

New information is welcome and you may contact me through this website anytime.

I noticed sales of some of the Nevis Leaders of the World Cars and Trains issues being sold on eBay from a dealer based in Latvia. This dealer is a large volume dealer and was and is offering them in bulk lots of 5, 10 pairs all still attached and even offering full pane sets. The starting bid is 99c! Buyers constantly bid them up to $3.00 to $10.00 ranges. They all are selling thus they are now everywhere in the world! Thousands have been moved!

I suspected that they are forgeries because other forgeries I have purchased from this same dealer. I recently purchased one series and sure enough they are exactly the same as all the other forgeries I have written about. I got them for $1.91 winning bid. This shows us how easily these are being spread across the world. Here is an image of what I got.

Nevis 1984 Leaders of the World Locomotives 2nd Series Forgery Part Pane Set
This dealer is playing dumb and is persisting in selling these and many other forgeries so without naming names because of defamation retaliation and because eBay could retaliate I will have to leave it up to you collectors and dealers to do something about it.
so far I have alerted the APS, American Philatelic Magazine editors, Scott catalog editors about these forgeries. At this point they are tending to ignore it. Are you going to ignore it also?

I now have everything together to present to you how to detect them and not get ripped off!!

Here are gum comparisons.

Gum Comparison of a Fake Stamp with Original and Original Proof
This gum appears to still be PVA but without the greenish tint. It has been noted that other British issues like some of the Machin issues have this type of gum. The problem is it was not used until the late 90's. The gum is very shiny though which conflicts with the description of the gum known as PVAI (Layflat) used on the Machins. Yet the stamps lay perfectly flat on a surface whereas originals have a light bending from aging.
This is evidence showing even a later creation and since these did not appear on the market until 2014 and no such stamps like these have ever been on the market nor recorded, it proves these to be modern forgeries of the stamps.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Forgery and Original Gum Comparison of Full Stamp

Screen, Font and Color Comparison of a Fake Stamp with an Original Stamp
Let us use the 10c Class 5500 locomotive stamp for high resolution comparisons. I use 1200dpi scans for viewing.
This first comparison shows you how inferior the screens are. I compare the front of the engine.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives 10c Fake with Original Screen and Color Comparison of the Front of the Class 5500 Engine

You can see that the screens used are much coarser. Much of the details are lost on the forgery. The forgeries still are very dangerous because when imaged for sale by sellers they look almost exactly the same as the originals. Buyers will think it is just the sellers scanner making them look "different". To compensate the forger uses a shinier surface on the face of the stamps.

Now let's look at the fonts.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives 10c Fake with Original Comparison of the Fonts

You can see that the fonts are dangerously close on this stamp. But there is something that is very different! Can you see it?
Look at the 2-D0-2. The "0" is quite different.
That's because Format used the letter "O" instead of the number zero "0" in the line. Interesting yes?

Now let's look at the Front of the engine on the detail drawing.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives 10c Fake with Original Comparison of the Front of the Engine on the Detail Drawing

Again you can see that much of the detail is gone or indistinct on the forgery.
I ask you....which one would you rather have?
Note even the yellow line at the bottom is gone on the fake stamp!
Here you can also see the distinct difference in the paper.

Now I will show reduced images of the original stamps with the forgeries. At the bottom table are links to the same images at full size. To big to fit the page of course as I scanned them all at 1200dpi.

Comparison of the Fake 5c 1968 Japan Class EF81 Electric Locomotive Stamp with the Original Stamp
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Class EF81 Fake with Original 5c Stamp Comparison

Now that you know what to look for it helps yes?
Notice the difference in overall color now?
Still you can see that most people will not even notice it which is what the forger wants!

Comparison of the Fake 10c 1927 France Class 5500 Electric Locomotive Stamp with the Original Stamp
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Class 5500 Fake with Original 10c Stamp Comparison

As noted above the O's and 0's differ.

Comparison of the Fake 60c 1940 France Class 240P Locomotive Stamp with the Original Stamp
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Class 240P Fake with Original 60c Stamp Comparison

With the 60c value you can see an extreme difference in colors.

Comparison of the Fake $2.50 1964 Japan Shin-Kansen Express Train Stamp with the Original Stamp
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Shin-Kansen Fake with Original $2.50 Stamp Comparison

Do you see what I see? Does the forger actually think we are that ignorant? Or is the forger the ignorant one?
Look as the spelling on the fake stamp.
The proper name is SHIN-KANSEN not SHIN-KASSEN!!

So now you can see that there is a lot of differences between the two printings.

One buyer of these fakes purchased a large lot from one of the biggest and most reputable stamp sellers on eBay. He bought what he thought was the complete print run of one "newly discovered" error in full panes in packets of 200 panes which were unopened.
I am sorry to say that there are several ways proving these were never produced by the Format Printers.
Firstly the packaging is wrong. Here is the image he sent me.
Packets of Fake Stamp Panes

The plastic wrapping is a flexible plastic used today. Format packaged all stamp panes in very brittle hard plastic that tears easily when opened. The separation paper is brown. Format always used pink/red paper to separate and protect the panes and souvenir sheets.

The perforations on the panes are wrong

Here is an image of the Nevis 1984 Locomotives Class 5500 10c stamp pane from the original printing.
I note this image is from the eBay seller beddaustamps who is the leading specialist on the Leaders of the World Cars and Trains issues. The imaged pane is from his stock of which he purchased all remainders direct from the postal administrators right after the time of issue which authenticates it as from the original printings.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Original print Stamp Pane

Now here is an image of a left side from a forged 10c stamp pane of the same stamp.
Nevis 1984 Locomotives Fake Left Side of 10c Stamp Pane

Now look at the image of the original pane and look at the left selvage. Then look at the left selvage of the fake stamp pane. Can you see the difference?
The perforations run through the selvage on the fake panes on both sides. There are no perforations on the left selvage of the original panes!

Because of the fact that a major portion of leaders in the stamp community wish to turn a blind eye on these forgeries. Because of dealers and buyers who are afraid to "step up to the plate" because of fear of being ridiculed by self proclaimed "experts" or because they don't want to get involved, the forgers will continue to forge more and more sets. They have already effected other issues that have nothing to do with Leaders of the World issues such as Nauru 1982 Scouts, Barbuda 1983 Manned Flight and others showing us the wide range of stamps they are capable of forging and possibly have already forged. Soon you will be the victim when you buy that fake high valued Orchid stamp or that high priced definitive set you have dreamed of getting or what you thought to be a genuine error or variety which in the end only turns out to be fabricated by these forgers and nobody wants it when you go to sell it or your children go to sell it.

You have a choice.

Continue to ignore this problem that the majority of stamp leaders and editors seem to be trying to do just like they have with unauthorized reprints and "illegal" stamps in the past. Or spread the word and complain to your contacts and leaders that these problems need to be exposed and described in magazines, newspapers and catalogs before every stamp issue made in modern times from the 1970's onward falls victim to being a suspected forgery and in turn you or your friends or associates will fall victim to it when trying to buy or sell them. These forgers are professionals and have been here for decades unseen. They will continue to harm us unless people like you stand up and take notice!

This problem effects everyone because now instead of the value being based on a set quantity of the issued stamp, we now have double, triple or even more in quantity placed on the market. It will therefore depreciate the stated value of them in the catalogs simply because they will not research them and "assume" there are tons available when in reality for many sets the originals are and have become difficult to find.

I am simply the one who discovered them because of my research on the printer.
Indeed several issues that I have researched and obtained the original varieties of are effected. Mainly these fake imperforates. I am a professional tradesman and have never depended on stamps to live on. There are many that do depend on stamp sales though and it is for them also that I have created this section of the website.

You can now define the fake Nevis 1984 2nd series Locomotives stamps easily and can now possibly avoid being ripped off! Sorry to say this, a lot of you already have been fooled and more of you will be until the right people get serious about it!

Here are links to images of each stamp with an original next to a forgery. All are scanned at 1200dpi so the files are large. All were scanned at the same time with the same settings and nothing is enhanced. Using Scott Catalog numbers. Please be patient with downloading them because each file is around 7 to 8 megs.

Nevis Locomotives Scott 191 Class EF81 Stamp
Nevis Locomotives Scott 193 Class 5500 Stamp
Nevis Locomotives Scott 199 Class 240P Stamp
Nevis Locomotives Scott 221 Shin-Kansen Stamp

Your friend and fellow collector and researcher,

Visit or return to the Modern Fake Stamps Introduction Page with Links to other Forgeries Here!!

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UPDATED LAST ON: 05-Jan-2019 10:57 AM